lifesciences
Innopsys

Screening for the best detergent for the isolation of placental membrane proteins

Abstract:

Although membrane proteins (MPs) play crucial roles in physiological processes, information on them are insufficient, mostly due to their peculiar nature and surrounding which demand specific procedures for their extraction (using detergents) and analysis. A pallet of ten detergents and β-cyclodextrin was employed to investigate their efficiency in extracting total placental MPs, glycoproteins and insulin-like growth factor receptors (IR/IGF1R/IGF2R). Regardless of detergent used, the identity of major extracted proteins was the same. Glycoproteins extracted with Triton X-100 contained the greatest variety and quantity of glycans recognised by fifteen lectins, pointing to this detergent as universal medium for the extraction of membrane glycoproteins. Glycoproteins extracted using Brij 35 exhibited weak interaction with only seven lectins and were differently recognised by lectins of the similar glycan specificity. Brij 35, Tween 20, saponin and digitonin selectively extracted IGF2R compared to other two receptors. Pilot experiments should be conducted in order to choose adequate detergent for the extraction of specific MP. To obtain preparations enriched in specific receptor of the insulin/IGF system sequential solubilisation of placental MPs can be proposed: to use Brij 35 to extract IGF2R and subject the insoluble remaining suspension to Triton X-114 in order to extract most of IGF1R with small amounts of IR.

Credits:

Dragana Robajaca , Martina Zámorováb, Jaroslav Katrlíkb, Željko Mikovićc, Olgica Nedića

  • a. Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy, INEP, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • b. Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • c. Department of High-Risk Pregnancies, Clinic of Gynaecology and Obstetrics “Narodni Front”, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

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